I’m not sure where I first heard the term “claw chords”, but it refers to chords that are easily grabbed on a guitar like a claw. These chords are great for beginners to learn because they don’t contain any difficult barring in the left hand. But, don’t be fooled. All the pros use them as well. Give ’em a shot!
Study the work of Joe Pass and you will see how he uses claw chords.